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Caudal septal deviation after rhinoplasty

Rhinoplasty In EU Country - 2000 Surgeries A Yea

The surgeon will remodel the bony upper portions of the septum located atop the nose or the cartilage located in the lower part. The septum can also move off the anterior spine, and this condition is known as a caudal septal deviation Caudal septal deviation is frequently present in patients presenting for rhinoplasty. The authors' current graduated technique for simplifying the management of the caudally deviated septum both aesthetically and functionally is described. If there is a persistent caudal septal deviation that has not been addressed by standard maneuvers, the. Correcting a caudal septal deviation depends on the cause of the deviation. In some cases, the septum has shifted off of the nasal spine and repositioning the septum over the spine will fix the problem. The septum will be positioned over the nasal spine and fixated with a stitch

Caudal Septum Deviation - drhilinski

  1. Surgical correction of caudal septal deviation is a technically challenging step of functional rhinoplasty. Multiple surgical techniques have been described in the literature but comparing the efficacy of each in relieving obstruction presents a challenge. Outcome measures are necessary to adequately compare techniques
  2. One of the major challenges in rhinoplasty is to provide adequate tip support in cases in which the caudal septum was previously excised or is congenitally deficient
  3. 2009: Cutting and suture technique of the caudal septal cartilage for the management of caudal septal deviation. Hemitransfixion incision on the concave nasal cavity Deviated septum removed with 1.5 cm L strut left Contralateral flap was raised from the caudal aspect of the cartilage without making an incision on the contralateral side; Flap elevation was facilitated by retracting the nasal.
  4. Answer: Bulge of Nasal Septum After Rhinoplasty Hi, It looks like there may be a bit of your caudal septum in the floor of your left nostril. If it bothers you cosmetically or if you are having difficulty breathing because of it, you should speak with your rhinoplasty surgeon regarding possible revision. Good luck and be well
  5. Caudal septal deviation is frequently present in patients presenting for rhinoplasty. The authors' current graduated technique for simplifying the management of the caudally deviated septum both aesthetically and functionally is described
  6. of the caudal septal deformity (figure 2). If unrecognized or uncorrected, tip asymmetry or deviation may persist following rhinoplasty despite modification of the lower lateral cartilages. Other corrective procedures The earliest attempts to correct caudal septal deflections involved resection of the deformed segment, which re

The C shaped deformity of caudal deviation can be treated by horizontally dividing caudal strut after septoplasty and suturing it in an overlapping manner with additional support from Baten Graft13 Sir: We have read the article entitled Simplifying the Management of Caudal Septal Deviation in Rhinoplasty by Constantine et al. with great interest. 1 The high percentage of caudal septal deviation in rhinoplasty patients and management of the problem is pointed out in this article. The authors have stated the vertical excess in the C- or S-shaped septum and the importance of excision. METHOD: The surgical procedure includes a division of the deviated caudal L-strut preserved after resection of the deviated quadrangular septal cartilage at the central portion. A batten graft made of septal cartilage or bone is interposed between the cut ends of the caudal L-strut, the upper part of which mobilized toward the more concave side. Caudal septal deviations can cause the nasal tip to be crooked and decrease the support of the nasal tip leading to a droopy tip. When you look at the undersurface of your nose, a causal septal deflection can make your nostrils different in shape and size If the patient has a caudal septal deviation, the rhinoplasty surgeon will address the septal shift and realign its base on the anterior nasal spine. The surgeon will commence this procedure by making an incision on one side of the nose to gain access to the septum. After this, they will cautiously shift the deviated septum back to its correct.

How to resolve the caudal septal deviation? Clinical

  1. A weakening or reduction of the caudal septum or its separation from the ANS could cause a ptosis of the nasal tip. Stenosis of the internal nasal valve is another major consequence caused by caudal septal deviation (2). The dorsal segment of the septum defines the third medium of the nose, together with the triangular cartilages
  2. Reply: simplifying the management of caudal septal deviation in rhinoplasty. Constantine FC(1), Ahmad J, Geissler P, Rohrich RJ. Author information: (1)Department of Plastic Surgery, University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center, Dallas, Texas The Plastic Surgery Clinic, ississauga, Ontario, Canada Department of Plastic Surgery, University of.
  3. In virtually all cases, the caudal septoplasty was performed in conjunction with an endonasal cosmetic rhinoplasty. These search parameters yielded 147 patients (8%) who had a caudal septal deviation treated with a caudal septoplasty. All of these medical charts were reviewed
  4. A variety of methods have been proposed for correction of caudal nasal deviation including: conventional septoplasty, cartilage plating rigid fixation technique, 5 septal crossbar graft, 6 septal batten techniques, 7 asymmetric spreader graft techniques, extracorporeal septoplasty, two-dimensional L-strut reconstruction 8 and CEG with TIG.

Chapter 11 - Deviated Caudal Septum Becker Rhinoplast

With the caudal septal advancement technique, we first determine where the nasal tip must be located. After completing all the steps of rhinoplasty, we prepare an angled rectangular cartilage graft extending down to the caudal edge of the septum that after advancement will carry the nasal tip to the desired position (Figs. 2 and 3).The graft's size, location, and angle of advancement depend. Figure 29: Area of resection or scoring of the septum in case of a caudal septal deviation, as illustrated in Figures 28a, b. When a deviation of the caudal edge of the septum is present, the result is a distorted columella and occasionally an obstructed nostril on the deviated side (Figure 28a) Above, photographs of the nose after the open technique septoplasty, with advanced septum deviations with caudal septum deviation and in contact with the inferior turbinate at the posterior and before the procedure are seen

Caudal or anterior nasal septum deviations, despite not being the most common type, cause much complaint, both obstructive as well as cosmetic to the nasal tip. Guyuron et al. showed in a series of patients that only 5% of these patients had caudal deviations, Sedwick et al. found deviations in this area in 8% of 2,043 cases assessed 1, 2 Cosmetic rhinoplasty and/or septoplasty are performed solely to enhance appearance. Nasal septoplasty is a procedure to correct anatomic deformity or deviation of the nasal septum. Its purpose is to restore the structure facilitating proper nasal function. Cosmetic enhancement, if any, is incidental One of the more challenging types of reconstructive rhinoplasty involves repair of a caudal septum deviation. Caudal Septum So what is the caudal septum you might ask? The caudal septum refers to the portion of the nasal septum that sits right behind the columella - which is the column that separates the two nostril openings The approach introduced by Kridel for the management of caudal septal deviation involves the cephaloposterior advancement of the medial crura of the lower lateral cartilages onto the caudal septum . The medial crura are then fixed to the caudal septum ensuring stability and correction of the deviation We appreciate the input from Dr. Aksam and colleagues regarding our article, Simplifying the Management of Caudal Septal Deviation in Rhinoplasty. They describe their method of addressing caudal septal deviation by excising a portion of the caudal septum and then using a sheet of polydioxanone foil (PDS plate; Ethicon, Inc., Johnson.

Rhinoplasty Surgery: Correcting a Deviated Septum

Similar to the middle third, a septal deviation that was not causing any asymmetry preoperatively may become unmasked as a result of surgical maneuvers, with resultant tip asymmetry or deviation. Contracture of the skin soft tissue envelope can also result in asymmetry of the tip over time. Table 1. Complications of rhinoplasty caudal septal deviation involves the cephaloposterior advancement of the medial crura of the lower lateral cartilages onto the caudal septum 18. The medial crura are then fixed to the caudal septum ensuring stability and correction of the deviation. Extracorporeal septoplasty The extracorporeal septoplasty was first proposed by King and Ashle no photographic evidence of residual caudal septal de-viation; 2, the caudal septal deviation showed marked improvement but was still detectable by careful obser-vation; 3, the caudal deviation was only mildly im-proved or not improved from the preoperative assess-ment; and 4, the caudal deviation was worse after surgical intervention

Simplifying the Management of Caudal Septal Deviation in

From January 1, 2010, through December 31, 2013, 78 patients with severe caudal septal deviation underwent corrective surgery at our hospital. Of this group, 33 patients (mean age: 32 yr) underwent extracorporeal septoplasty via an open approach, and 45 patients (mean age: 35 yr) underwent treatment with a new procedure that we developed. septoplasty, rhinoplasty, caudal septal deviation, anterior septal reconstruction, nasal obstruction Received October 22, 2014; revised December 9, 2014; accepted January 2, 2015. S eptal deviations are one of the most common causes of anatomic nasal obstruction. While treatment of mid-septal and posterior deviations is rather straight-forward. The septal flaps were corrected with 3-0 Vicryl and the septum was now midline. The patient still had a remaining deformity external, and this was resected with a 8mm osteotome. The patient at this point still had some collapse of the intranasal valve and some of the caudal septum after being resected back the area was draped Rhinoplasty cosmetic surgery can correct a deviated septum and restore proper nasal function. Once the surgeon has determined the nature and extent of the septum deviation, they can create an individualized surgical plan to rectify it. Judicious plastic surgeon Dr. Paul McCluskey provides advanced aesthetic procedures for the face, body and.

This study evaluated surgical outcomes after endonasal septoplasty using caudal septal batten grafting for caudal septal deviation. Methods Fifty-six patients completed questionnaires to assess nasal obstruction by telephone interviews 8-63 months postoperatively (12.2 months on the average) Caudal septum. Inferior border of the septum, which is interacting with the medial crura of the cartilages. This can affect breathing, deviation (crookedness), as well as how high or low the tip sits. Hear what our. clients have to say Correction of deviation of the caudal septum. Anteroposterior deviation of the caudal septum is corrected as follows. In one type, the anterior nasal spine (ANS) is placed on the middle line and the caudal septum is located on the ANS, and the caudal septal cartilage is deviated in a C or S pattern because of its excess length septal deviation, however, and yet continue to have severe obstructive nasal symptoms. Most typically, this happens as a result of the nasal valves contributing to the obstruction, a process that only is evident during dynamic nasal inspira-tion. The internal valve is defined as the area between the caudal end of the ULC and th Fax: +90 212 542 74 47. Anterior septal dislocation Anterior septum deviation Caudal septoplasty operation Caudal septum deviation treatment Traumatic caudal septum deviation Traumatic septum deviation. Location: İncirli Cad. Dilek Pastanesi Üstü, Kat:4, No:41, Zuhuratbaba Mahallesi, 34147 Bakırköy/İstanbul, Türkiye. Get link

Techniques such as suture, swinging door, septal batten, ethmoid bone sandwich graft, tongue-in-groove, and extracorporeal septoplasty have been used in managing caudal septal deviation. 5-9 Ellis 5 used a suture technique as an adjunct for correcting caudal septal deviation cartilages onto the caudal septum18. anatomy and, when an appropriate The freed inferior caudal septum is rhe medial crura are then fixed to the caudal strut of almost 2 cm in length then anchored to the anterior nasal caudal septum ensuring stability and is not preserved, significant deformi- spine with sutures Objective: The deviated nose presents a tremendous challenge for rhinoplasty surgeons, especially the correction of the cartilaginous dorsum deviation. In this study, we introduce the surgical techniques of correcting a deviated cartilaginous vault by creating a new center of the lower third using a caudal septal extension graft combined with unilaterally extended spreader grafts

Deviated Septum Surgery Torrance Caudal Septal Deviation L

Rhinoplasty cosmetic surgery is an effective treatment for the common condition of a deviated septum. The surgeon will assess the extent and nature of the septal deviation before creating a customized surgical plan to treat it. Board certified plastic surgeons at the Aesthetic Center for Plastic Surgery (ACPS) provide rhinoplasty to patients in Houston, Texas, TX, and surrounding communities In cases having slight caudal deviation with caudal retraction, a septal extension graft can be used. In this scenario the L-strut of the septum was preserved. A majority of patients are in this group (423 patients in this research). Sliding septum. This technique is used in cases with a straight but tilted caudal septal deviation Keywords septoplasty, rhinoplasty, caudal septal deviation, anterior septal reconstruction, nasal obstruction S eptal deviations are one of the most common causes of anatomic nasal obstruction. While treatment of mid-septal and posterior deviations is rather straightforward, treatment of the anterocaudal septal deviation can be a more. Addressing a deviated septum and other anatomical concerns through functional rhinoplasty is Dr. Dugar's passion, as he trained as a Head and Neck, Ear, Nose, and Throat surgeon; as such, operating inside the nose has become second nature for him. Many plastic surgeons who don't come from an Ear, Nose, and Throat background do not. The primary indications include the severely deviated caudal septum, unstable caudal septum, or a previously over-resected caudal septum. In the case of the severely deviated nasal septum, removal and replacement of the deviation is the best method in my hands to create a straight nose with a good airway

The deviated caudal septum can clearly be observed on the basal view. (D-F) Two years after open rhinoplasty with caudal septal resection and replacement with a straight strut. The patient's replacement graft was extended caudally for medial crural fixation and tip positioning This set of rhinoplasty before and after photos features a 23 year old white female who over the years due to sports has had several fractures to her nose. The last fracture resulted in deviation of her septum and a collapse of the nasal valve on the right side. This has worsened over the years and makes breathing difficult Septoplasty is surgery to correct a deviated septum. The septum is the common wall inside the nose that runs down the middle, dividing it into two nasal cavities. Nasal septal deviation is a common structural disorder of the nose, involving a displacement and/or twist of the nasal septum. It can occur naturally or as a result of trauma to the nose The long answer- Septal deviations can be categorized as being deviated in the back of the nose (posterior) or in the front of the nose (anterior or caudal). Posterior septal deviations are usually easier to remove and require no advanced techniques to remove, usually through a small incision inside your nose

North American survey and systematic review on caudal

A caudal septal batten graft created from harvested septal cartilage, then will be sutured using three or four stitches (5-0 polydioxanone sutures). If C-shaped caudal deviation without angulation or dislocation, cartilaginous batten graft fixed on the concave sid Caudal septoplasty was performed through an open rhinoplasty approach using the graduated technique for simplifying the management of the caudally deviated septum 3 with some differences. After wide dissection and release of the mucoperichondrial attachments were carried out, the free edge of the caudal septum was trimmed first if there was any. The patient was primarily concerned with nasal deviation, nasal dorsal hump, and a long appearing nose. Dr. David Bray, Jr. performed a rhinoplasty with nasal dorsal hump reduction, caudal septal reduction, repositioning of the nasal septum toward the midline, osteotomies, spreader grafts, nasal tip suturing, and alar contour grafts A 1.5 × 1-cm plating graft is then harvested from the resected posterior septal cartilage. The deviated caudal septum is then released inferiorly along the maxillary crest and nasal spine. When the caudal septal deflection extends superiorly to the nasal dorsum, the caudal septum is completely divided from its dorsal attachment

(A) (B) (C) Fig. 16 - 4. Correction of caudal septum dislocation. The following technique is recommended: (A) Conservative trimming of the deflected caudal septum with a required septoplasty by leaving adequate caudal and dorsum septum.(B & C) Insertion of the excised caudal portion or septal graft into a pocket between the two medial crura through a small mid-columellar marginal incision OBJECTIVES/HYPOTHESIS: Caudal septal deviation interrupts normal nasal breathing, due to the narrowing of the external valve area and nasal valve angle. In this study, we found a different approach for correction of caudal septal deviation with no associated deformity of the external nose Revision rhinoplasty techniques included the use of septal cartilage for the placement of bilateral spreader grafts for middle vault support. The tip deformities and breathing problems were corrected with the caudal septal extension graft, lateral crural strut grafts with lateral crural re-positioning, and tip onlay grafts

Treatment of the Caudal Septum Rhinoplasty Archiv

Septal Deviation after Septorhinoplasty: Causes and Surgical Management Neil N. Luu, BA1 Oren Friedman, MD2 1Department of Otorhinolaryngology, Perelman School of Medicine, rhinoplasty techniques that apply caudal septal extension grafts to stabilize and secure the nasal tip by overlappin 5A) shows significant caudal septal deviation to the patient's right side with nasal valve narrowing, while a postoperative photograph (Figure 5B) exhibits a medialized caudal septum with midline stabilization and improvement of the valve angle. These photographs represent the consistent results this surgeo

Constantine, F. C., Ahmad, J., Geissler, P., & Rohrich, R. J. (2015). Reply: simplifying the management of caudal septal deviation in rhinoplasty Patient satisfaction was recorded by a standard questionnaire (16-item Sino-Nasal Outcome Test [SNOT-16]), before and after surgery. The fishing line technique was performed in 63 patients with a severe caudal septal deviation of which 14 also had rhinoplasty. A mucoperichondrial flap was elevated on either side of the damaged septal cartilage

Rhinoplasty - Addressing the Caudal Septum - HNS preference

Bulge After Rhinoplasty a Deviated Septum

Thus, correction of caudal septal deviation is the most challenging step in rhinoplasty since the conventional septoplasty methods for correction of caudal septal deviation can weaken the caudal septal strut, aggravate tip ptosis and cause obstruction of the external nasal valve Caudal septal deviation can also lead to a crooked or twisted appearance of the nasal tip. Many times this can be corrected with a swinging door technique, where the caudal septum is repositioned at the anterior nasal spine, which is the anatomically correct position for the caudal septum Before & After Photo Gallery: Revision Rhinoplasty. This photo gallery represents a cross-section of my rhinoplasty practice and includes patients of different age, gender, nasal shape, and ethnic background. This gallery is not a collection of my best rhinoplasty outcomes, but rather a representative sampling of my typical cosmetic result 1. Severely deviated septum (100%) 2. Exaggerated profile of both bone and cartilage. Surgical refinement accomplished: Tip nostril complex was preserved. Excess projection reduced. Septoplasty and internal nasal valve repair with spreader grafts to give her 100% breathing from total nasal airway obstruction Rhinoplasty Nose Surgery - Correcting a Deviated Septum Rhinoplasty plastic surgery can help correct the commonly occurring problem of a deviated septum. The surgeon will evaluate the nature and extent of the deviated septum prior to developing an individualized surgical plan to correct it

Becker et al. reported that multiple (caudal and dorsal) sites of deviation was the most common (48%) in revision cases, and caudal septal deviation was the second (28%). Other study reported that residual septal deviation was at the caudal septum (36%), and dorsal septum (28%) in order . In this study, we divided septum into caudal, anterior. There are specific challenges in treating a deviated caudal septum. Caudal septal deflection can cause persisting nasal obstruction and may require complex reconstruction. 13, 14 Several maneuvers are available with which to treat caudal septal deviation, including scoring the septal cartilage on the concave side, thereby relaxing the spring. Septorhinoplasty is surgery to fix both your nose (also called rhinoplasty) and your nasal septum (also called septoplasty). The nasal septum is the narrow wall of tissue that separates your nostrils (hole opening of the nose). You may need a septorhinoplasty if you have a deviated septum 4. Discussion. Septal deviations play a crucial role in functional nasal breathing. Unrecognized internal nasal septal deviations stand as the primary reason for failed rhinoplasty outcomes due to the pivotal role of the internal nasal septal deviation in migration and further deviation of nasal bones and lateral cartilage

A columellar strut or a caudal septal extension graft that protrudes caudally; A suturing biphid medial crura that highlights the columella; A shield graft that is too thick or excessive plumping grafts; The loss of tip projection and rotation from previous rhinoplasty The hanging columella treatmen Deviation of the lower nose may involve the caudal septum, anterior nasal spine, and the lower lateral cartilages. • Midvault deviation consistently accompanies at least anterior and commonly mid and posterior septal deviation. • In all types of septal deviation, the middle and/or inferior turbinates may be enlarged. The enlargement is. Some people develop uneven nostrils naturally and in others it can occur after surgery. The nasal septum is the cartilage that divides the two nostrils into their separate halves. It normally sits precisely in the midline. The part of the septum at the very end between the nostril openings is called the caudal septum Primary rhinoplasty techniques included the repositioning of the tip cartilages, the elevation and support of the tip with a caudal septal extension graft, and further tip refinement with an onlay graft. Contact Dr. Bared. Before and 3 months after primary rhinoplasty to help correct a deviated nose

Carried out around the superior septal angle down along caudal septal margin beyond the middle crura-septal attachment. Indicated in cases of hump correction, mild bulbousity and septal deviation where there is adequate tip projection and rotation. (Fig. 17-9) Complete transfixion incision This Coverage Policy addresses rhinoplasty, vestibular stenosis repair and septoplasty procedures for nasal • septal deviation causing nasal airway obstruction resulting in prolonged or chronic nasal breathing upper lateral cartilage and lower lateral cartilage attachments and the caudal septum (Kridel, et al., 2010) the disappearance of health problems such as a deviated septum. Photo before and after rhinoplasty allow visitors to our site to compare photos and assess the results. You can see that we are striving to carry out such an operation, which will be safe and at the same time help implement your dream about an attractive external image

Correction of Caudal Deflections of the Nasal Septum with

Septoplasty is widely performed for improving nasal obstruction as it is a simple procedure with good postoperative results. However, caudal septal deviations can be difficult to correct and often require reoperation [].For caudal septoplasty, it is necessary to expose and treat the caudal strut using endonasal approach, such as hemi-transfixion or open approaches [] Rhinoplasty to correct a deviated septum. Nose surgery that's done to improve an obstructed airway requires careful evaluation of the nasal structure as it relates to airflow and breathing. Correction of a deviated septum, one of the most common causes of breathing impairment, is achieved by adjusting the nasal structure to produce better. Inadequate midline stabilization of the septal extension graft is a common reason for tip deviation, nostril asymmetry, and nasal obstruction due to caudal septal deviation. This can often be avoided by securely suturing the graft to the anterior nasal spine and positioning the end into the midline in the overlapping type of septal extension graft Caudal septal cartilage resection can be performed in addition to the tongue-in-groove technique in cases of overly long and downwardly projecting caudal septa. Figure 8. After the creation of the medial crural pocket, the medial crura are advanced onto the denuded caudal septum. A hanging columella is reduced by this method. Figure 9

- Deviation of the nasal septum - Separation of the upper lateral cartilages from the nasal septum - After rhinoplasty if weakening of the upper and lower lateral cartilages - Pinched appearance in the supra-alar region. Excision of caudal septum which lowers the septal angle. If the septum is providing significant support for the nasal tip. Septum. Figure 5a: Sagging of the cartilaginous dorsum, diminished tip support and retraction of the columella due to overresection of the caudal part of the septum. Figure 5b: Rebuilding the septum with autogenous septal cartilage (blue striped area).Reimplantation of crushed left-over cartilage in the donor site to prevent a septal perforation. The choice of graft for augmentation of the. displacement of the caudal septum off the anterior nasal spine, it can be corrected by restoring a proper relation-ship between the anterior nasal spine and the posterior-most end of the caudal septum. In cases of deviation in the anteroposterior direction, the caudal septum repre-sents a C-shaped convexity, or acute angulation, less frequently A severely deviated anterior septum located within the anterior 2 cm of the caudal septum is typically a reason enough to open a nose. A noticeable exception to a deviated deflection here would be a straight caudal deflection, which may be more amenable to being repositioned via swinging door technique

A septoplasty is nose surgery that improves breathing function. Its purpose is to correct conditions in which the septum—the membrane of bone and cartilage that separates the two sides of the nose—is crooked. This is known as a deviated septum, because its position varies from the central midline, and it is considered a medical condition. Deviations of the caudal and dorsal septum represent a challenge to rhinoplasty surgeons. Straight deviations of the caudal septum can be addressed by swinging door maneuvers and fixation to the nasal spine with a long lasting resorbable suture (4-0 or 5-0 PDS) Definitive rhinoplasty is typically performed after repairing major skeletal defects with necessary orthognathic surgery . Figure 7. This figure demonstrates the importance of septal extension grafts to correct major tip and caudal septal deviation in cleft patients. The severely deviated cartilage often must be completely removed and replaced. Caudal Septal Extension Grafts: Very useful and powerful grafts placed to increase the length of the septum and nose. Used in ethnic patients with short noses or in Revision Rhinoplasty cases. Used in ethnic patients with short noses or in Revision Rhinoplasty cases

I then trimmed the caudal septum to shorten the length of the nose. Next a septoplasty was performed to address the septal deviation. Her septum was notably hypertropic, such that it had a tight C shape with dorsal deviation to the left, internal bowing to the right nasal passage, and the base was off the maxillary crest resting along the floor. 3.4 Correction of caudal septal deviation. Aggressive resections of the cartilaginous portion of the septum may lead to loss of nasal tip support. However, inadequate correction of the caudal septal deviation is one of the main reasons for persistent septal deviation after primary septoplasty . The caudal septum is mainly composed of the. Incisions and Soft Tissue Elevation. The authors generally use intranasal incisions for a deviated nose but will frequently use the open or external rhinoplasty technique when there are severe asymmetries, deviations, and tissue deficiencies. 2, 5 - 7 Some of the indications for use of the external rhinoplasty are as follows: (1) a nasal deformity that is difficult to precisely analyze; (2. In many instances, cartilage is present along the dorsal septum for revision rhinoplasty. In addition to the endonasal septoplasty approach, the dorsal septal cartilage may be obtained via open approach by elevating the middle vault mucoperichondrium from the septum, after release of the caudal end of the upper lateral cartilage

Long-term Outcomes of Subtotal Septal Reconstruction in

Rhinoplasty (ῥίς rhis, nose + πλάσσειν plassein, to shape), commonly known as a nose job, is a plastic surgery procedure for altering and reconstructing the nose.There are two types of plastic surgery used - reconstructive surgery that restores the form and functions of the nose and cosmetic surgery that changes the appearance of the nose. . Reconstructive surgery seeks to. Nasal dorsum: C-shaped, reverse C-shaped, twisted, deviated, deflected, wide/narrow, inverted-V deformity. Nasal complex deviation is often indicative of septal deviations. Asymmetrical nostrils are also telltale signs of caudal septal deviation. Any underlying cartilaginous or bony irregularities are noted

Effect of Midfacial Asymmetry on Nasal Axis Deviation